Aims and Scope 
Nobel International Journals  are international peer reviewed journals by Nobel Science and Research Center. The journals are edited by an internationally recognized Editorial Board.

Authors are required to sign a Copyright Form granting the Nobel exclusive publishing rights for all papers accepted for publication. Production will not start until we have received of a signed Copyright 

General Instructions
Nobel International Journals  will publish orijinal full papers, short research communications, review articles and letters to the editor. Full papers should be concise without compromising clarity and completeness, and should generally occupy no more than 10 published pages. Short research communications should not be more than 5 printed pages (excluding references and abstract) . Results and Discussion section should be combined followed by conclusion. Materials and Methods will remain as a separate section. On occasion, the journals will invite and publish reviews on important issues in applied biology and engineering science. The number of references is limited to 50. Letter to the Editor is limited to a maximum of 850 words.

Submission of Manuscripts
Authors are required to submit their articles to Nobel International Journals  online for quick and more efficient processing. Authors should submit a new manuscript to Nobel International Journals (JABS and IJNES) using our online system available at Prior to submission, Authors may contact the editors to inquire about the suitability of their work.
In accordance with usual practice, papers previously published and are under consideration for publication elsewhere cannot be accepted, and authors must agree not to publish accepted papers elsewhere without the prior permission of Nobel International Journals. The paper should not normally exceed 5000 words.

Preparation of Manuscripts

Papers must be written in English or Turkish (with English title and abstract). Authors whose native language is not English are strongly advised to have their manuscripts checked by an English-speaking colleague prior to submission. Manuscripts that are deficient in this respect may be returned to the author for revision before scientific review.

Presentation of Manuscripts
  * Title
  * Author names and addresses
  * Abstracts (Not more than 350 words)
  * Key words
  * Introduction
  * Materials and Methods
  * Results and Discussions
  * References (Use numbering in the text instead of full references.
     Give full references at the end of the manuscript
  * The photographs should be of high quality 
  * Graphs should be in clearly visible form so that it may become easy to redraw
  * Dont create columns. (We do)

A recent issue of Nobel International Journals  should be consulted for guidance on format and style. Up-to-date Instructions to Authors are also available on the Journals website. The manuscript should be prepared using Microsoft Word with the following layout.

1. Manuscript should contain title page, abstract, main body, and references.
2. Tables should be added after references and each new table should be on a separate page.
3. Figures should follow the tables, putting each figure on a separate page ensuring that the figure is at least the size it will be in the final printed document. Number each figure outside the boundary of figure. Resolution of the figures should be at least 400 pixels/cm (1000 pixels/in).
4. Number manuscript pages consecutively and activate line numbering.
5. The manuscript should be double-spaced. The beginning of each new paragraph must be clearly indicated by indentation. Left-justify the text and turn off automatic hyphenation. Use carriage returns only to end headings and paragraphs. Artificial word breaks at the end of lines must be avoided. Do not insert spaces before punctuation.
6. Please use standard fonts such as Arial, Times and Times New Roman. Use consistent notations and spellings
7. Please follow internationally accepted rules and conventions for gene and protein names, units, for symbols, and for capitalization in text, tables, and figures.

Title Page
The title page should include a concise and informative title, author names in full, and affiliations. The name of the corresponding author as well as his/her mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address should be provided in a footnote.

The abstract should be one paragraph, no longer than 250 words. No references should be cited in the abstract. Abbreviations should be avoided, but if they have to be used, they must be defined the first time they appear. A list of keywords (up to six) must be included after the abstract for indexing purposes. Words that appear in the title should not be repeated in the keywords.

General Arrangement of Text
The text should be divided into sections with the headings: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion. Subheadings within sections except introduction can be used to clarify their contents. Introduction and Discussion sections may contain present tense to convey generally accepted information. Materials and Methods and Results are normally written in the past tense.

The introduction should define the problem and provide sufficient information to explain the background but there is usually no need for a comprehensive literature survey. The objectives should be stated but it should not contain a summary of the results.

Sufficient detail must be provided to allow the work to be repeated. This section should contain the experimental protocols and the origin of materials, tissue, cell lines, or organisms.

The Results section should be in logical order presenting the experimental results. Please do not include any interpretations, inferences, arguments or speculations in this section.

The authors should interpret their results clearly and suggest what they might mean in a larger context. Please do not repeat the information provided in the Results section.

Assistance received from funding agencies and colleagues should be acknowledged in this section.

Published or “in press” articles may be included in the reference list. Unpublished studies should be referred to as such or as a personal communication in the text. Citations of references should use square brackets, e.g. [1,3,5-7]. The lists of references, tables or figures should be numbered consecutively staring from 1. The references should be contain the last names and initials of up to ten authors, year of publication, title of the paper, and the title of the journal. These should be followed by the volume and page numbers. References to books should include the title of the book, the year of publication, the publishing company and the place of publication.

Some examples are given below:

Karsi A, Menanteau-Ledouble S, Lawrence ML. 2006. Development of bioluminescent Edwardsiella ictaluri for noninvasive disease monitoring. FEMS Microbiology Letters. In press.

Lawrence ML, Cooper RK, Thune RL. 1997. Attenuation, persistence, and vaccine potential of an Edwardsiella ictaluri purA mutant. Infection and Immunity. 65:4642-4651.

Sambrook J, Russell DW. 2001. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, 3rd edition. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.

McCarthy, AJ. 1989. Thermomonospora. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology (ed. Williams ST, Sharpe ME, Holt JG), Vol. 4, pp. 2552-2572. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, MD.

If web site references are used, the URL should be included next to information in the text. Please check the references carefully for accuracy, missing information, and punctuations.

Tables and Figures
Tabulation and illustration should not be used for points that can be adequately and concisely described in the text. Tables and figures should be understandable on their own without reference to the text. Explanatory footnotes should be related to the legend or table using superscript lower-case letters. All abbreviations should be defined after the footnotes below the table or by reference to a previous table in the same paper.

Acceptable image formats are TIFF and EPS. Electronic figure files should be named with the last name of the first author and the figure number; for example, Karahan Fig1. Figure number must also be included in the file. Authors wishing to publish color art must pay the associated publication costs, which will be estimated on acceptance of the paper. In cases where it is clear that the figure must be presented in color and authors cannot cover color art fees, such fees may be waived at the discretion of the editor after reviewing a letter explaining the circumstances.

Review Process
The Journals aim at rapid publication of research results while maintaining a rigorous peer review process. The editors will provide an initial response to all pre-submission enquiries within two working days. In addition, they will make every effort to give authors a decision following peer review within four to six weeks of an article`s submission. If the review process takes longer due to special circumstances, authors will be notified promptly by e-mail. Accepted articles will be published online within two weeks. Suggestions by the editors about revision do not imply that a revised version will necessarily be accepted. If minor revision is required, authors should return a revised version in two weeks. If major revision is required, authors should return a revised version within three months. You must clearly indicate the changes that have been made. Revised manuscripts that are not resubmitted within the indicated time frames will be treated as a newly submitted manuscript. Authors who disagree with Editor’s decisions may contact the Chief Editor for final decision. The Editor and the Publisher are not responsible for the scientific content and statements of the authors of accepted papers.

Nucleotide and amino acid sequences
All newly determined nucleotide and amino acid sequences must be deposited in GenBank. An accession number must be obtained before submission to the editor. Authors should include the accession number in an appropriate place in text. The sequence data should be released to the public no later than the online publication date. Example: The sequence of the full-length cDNA (GenBank accession no. AY174050).

Manuscripts should be checked carefully before submission since substantial alterations will not be permitted at the ‘proof’ stage. The editors reserve the right to make minor alterations to the text without altering the scientific content. Corrections should be sent to publisher in one communication. If corrections are not received within 48 hours, publisher reserves the right to proceed with publication.

Reprints may be ordered in quantities of 100 using the form supplied with the proofs.

Cover Art
Photographs suitable for the cover of Nobel International Journals   would be welcomed by the editors. These illustrations could be related to submitted papers but this is not a requirement.

Ethical Issues
The editors expect that materials described in Nobel journals will be made available to all qualified members of the scientific community. Papers describing experimental work with humans and animals must include a statement that the Ethical Committee of the institution in which the work was done has approved it.

It is assumed all authors have approved the submitted manuscript, which is the responsibility of corresponding author. If accepted, the article must not be published elsewhere in any form, without the consent of the editors and publisher. The articles published in Nobel International Journals  solely represent the scientific findings and opinions of the authors. Even though the editors and publisher make every effort to ensure the accuracy of all published matter, they can accept no responsibility or liability, collectively or individually, for any erroneous, misleading or unintentionally damaging statements, which may appear in the journal.

Reproducing Published Articles

Individuals wishing to reproduce figures, tables and excerpts of text from articles published in Nobel International Journals  for non-commercial purposes may do so providing the original publication is acknowledged accordingly and the authors’ approval is obtained, and in this case no special permission is needed from either the publisher or the editors. Authors may also include the article in a thesis without special permission. In all other cases, permissions may be sought directly from Nobel.