Yazım Kuralları

INSTRUCTIONS FOR AUTHOR

The Turkish Journal of Health Science and Life accepts, original research articles, case reports and review articles that are relevant to the scope of Basic medical, Internal Medicine and Surgical Sciences, Nursing, Health Management, Midwifery, Emergency Aid and Disaster Management, on the condition that they have not been previously published elsewhere. All manuscripts are subject to editorial revision to ensure they conform to the style adopted by the journal. There is a double blind kind of reviewing system.

To insure a timely publication process, authors are asked to read the following instructions carefully.

ETHICS

The authors are responsible for their compliance with the ethical rules. Investigations on human subjects should conform to accepted ethical standards. Fully informed consent should be obtained and noted in the manuscript. For all manuscripts dealing with experimental work involving human subjects, specify that informed consent was obtained following a full explanation of the procedure (s) undertaken. Patients should be referred to by number; do not use real names or initials.

In experimental studies on animals, it should be noted that the study protocol has been approved by the animal experiment ethics committee at the institution where the study was conducted. Authors should submit the ethics committee's approval with the article. If there are previously published text, tables, pictures, etc. in the article, the authors have to get written permission from the copyright holder and the authors should specify and indicate the used material in the manuscript. In the course of the manuscript evaluation, the authors may be requested to submit the research data and / or the ethics committee approval document if deemed necessary.

STYLE OF MANUSCRIPTS

The articles submitted for publication must not have been published in print or in an electronic format or should not be in the evaluation stage for publication in another publication or electronic medium at the time of publication. Should it be accepted, it should not be published in any form or in a similar form in any languages.  Poster or oral presentations or preliminary work submitted in congress, symposium or electronic media may be published provided that this is indicated. Authors who wish to withdraw their articles for delay or for any reason need to apply with a written notice of the situation.

All contributions should be written in English. Spelling should be American English. Prior to submission, manuscripts prepared by authors whose native language is not English should be edited for proper spelling, grammar, and syntax by a professional editor or colleague fluent in English.

All the articles should be written in Microsoft Word software with Times New Roman font, 12 pt., 1.5 line spacing, 2.5 cm space on page edges, A4 paper size (210 x 297 mm), single column and side by side. In addition, page numbers should be given so that the number of each page except the first page is in the upper middle. Abbreviations should be explained in the text, tables, figures and graphics in the first appeared place.

Manuscripts not following Instruction to Authors will be returned to the authors.

MANUSCRIPTS CATEGORIES

Original research articles: These are original studies that reach a conclusion based on sufficient scientific investigation, observation and experimentation.

Case reports: A case report should describe a new disease, or confirmation of a rare or new disease; a new insight into pathogenesis, etiology, diagnosis, or treatment.

Review articles: Reviews should document and synthesize current information on timely subjects.

However, the Copyright Status Form should be sent by regular mail within 2 weeks of submission of article

The manuscript should be arranged as follows, with each section beginning on a separate page.

Title page

The title should provide important information regarding the manuscript’s content.  The title page should include the category, the title (Turkish-English with capital letters), the authors’ names(only the first letters capital), the degrees and a short title, abbreviations, keywords, financial disclosure statement, and conflict of interest statement. If a manuscript includes authors from more than one institution, each author’s name should be followed by a superscript number that corresponds to their institution, which is listed separately. Please provide contact information for the corresponding author, including name, e-mail address, and telephone and fax numbers. If the article was previously presented at a scientific meeting, the name, date and place of the meeting must be stated.

Abstract and Keywords

The second page should include an abstract that does not exceed 250 words. For manuscripts sent by authors in Turkey, a title and abstract in Turkish are also required. As most readers read the abstract first, it is critically important. Moreover, as various electronic databases integrate only abstracts into their index, important findings should be presented in the abstract. Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 5 keywords, using general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). 

Manuscript

Original research articles should be included introduction, materials and method, results, discussion and conclusion. The introduction should include an overview of the relevant literature presented in summary form and what ever remains interesting, unique, problematic, relevant, or unknown about the topic must be specified. Materials and methods should be written as detailed as possible and may be divided into subparts if more than one method is used. However, there is no need to elaborate the classical and frequently used methods. If a brand is specified, the manufacturer's name and address (city, country) should be given. Describe the statistical methods used in enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify the reported results. Statistically important data should be given in the text, tables and figures. In the results section, the results of the study and the basic recommendations should be reported without recurring findings. Findings can be presented as text, table, graphic and figure. The discussion section should include a discussion of the data. New and important findings/results, and the conclusions they lead to should be emphasized. Link the conclusions with the goals of the study, but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not completely supported by the data. Do not repeat the findings/results in detail; important findings/results should be compared with those of similar studies in the literature, along with a summarization. In other words, similarities or differences in the obtained findings/results with those previously reported should be discussed. After discussion section,the conclusion of the study should be highlighted.

Reviews should include introduction, text, and conclusion titles.

Case reports should include introduction, case / cases and discussion sections.


Tables and Figures

Tables should be created with a word processor and saved in either DOC or DOCX format. Do not embed tables and figures in your text. Each table and figures must be submitted as a separate file. All illustrations should be referred to as figures and numbered in Arabic numerals (Fig. 1, 2, etc.). Image resolution must be at least 300 dpi for raster images (e.g., photographs, gels, stains) and 600 dpi for line-art images (e.g., charts and graphs). Image-related text and labeling must be clearly legible, a font size of 10 points or greater should be present in the final image. To ensure the highest print quality, your figures must be submitted in TIF or JPG format. Legends for figures must be typed with double spacing on separate pages.


References

References should be organized in accordance with the "Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals" developed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). Examples of frequently used references in this framework are given below. For other reference formats not mentioned here, the relevant website should be used as a guide http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html. Each reference must be numbered separately according to the order of use and the numbers must be specified in parentheses at the end of the text. The author (s) is/are responsible for the correctness of the references. Journal titles are given in abbreviated form in accordance with Index Medicus. For abbreviations of journal titles, see the list of journals indexed in Index Medicus or see http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/journals. No abbreviation is used for journal names that do not enter the index. Only articles that are published or at the publication stage may be shown at the references. When the article references are given, the DOI and PMID numbers of the sources should be added at the end of the references.

Examples of References: 
1. List all authors.
Deeg HJ, O’Donnel M, Tolar J. Optimization of conditioning for marrow transplantation from unrelated donors for patients with aplastic anemia after failure immunosuppressive therapy. Blood 2006;108:1485-1491. 
2. Organization as author
Royal Marsden Hospital Bone Marrow Transplantation Team. Failure of syngeneic bone marrow graft without preconditioning in post-hepatitis marrow aplasia. Lancet 1977;2:742-744. 
3. Book 
Wintrobe MM. Clinical Hematology, 5th ed. Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1961. 
4. Book Chapter 
Perutz MF. Molecular anatomy and physiology of hemoglobin. In: Steinberg MH, Forget BG, Higs DR, Nagel RI, (eds). Disorders of Hemoglobin: Genetics, Pathophysiology, Clinical Management. New York, Cambridge University Press, 2000. 
5. Abstract 
Drachman JG, Griffin JH, Kaushansky K. The c-Mpl ligand (thrombopoietin) stimulates tyrosine phosphorylation. Blood 1994;84:390a (abstract). 
6. Letter to the Editor
Rao PN, Hayworth HR, Carroll AJ, Bowden DW, Pettenati MJ. Further definition of 20q deletion in myeloid leukemia using fluorescence in situ hybridization. Blood 1994;84:2821-2823. 
7. Supplement
Alter BP. Fanconi’s anemia, transplantation, and cancer. Pediatr Transplant. 2005;9(Suppl 7):81-86

Acknowledged

Research or project support should be acknowledged as a footnote on the title page.