Cilt 4, Sayı 3, Sayfalar 277 - 283

Seasonal Changes in the Quality and Fatty Acid Composition of Meat in Rapa Whelk (Rapana venosa) from the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast
Seasonal Changes in the Quality and Fatty Acid Composition of Meat in Rapa Whelk (Rapana venosa) from the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast

Teodora POPOVA [1] , Deyan STRATEV [2] , Ivan VASHIN [3] , Georgi ZHELYAZKOV [4] , Elitsa VALKOVA [5] , Lilko DOSPATLIEV [6]

138 202

The study was conducted to evaluate the seasonal variations in the quality and lipid profile of rapa whelk meat (Rapana venosa) harvested in the Bulgarian coast of Black Sea. The trial period lasted from June to October and the sampling was carried out in the area of Varna Bay. Technological quality of the whelks was determined by measuring the water holding capacity (WHC), as well as cooking losses. Further determination of the chemical composition, fatty acid analysis and total aerobic plate count were done. Strong seasonal influence on the meat quality characteristics in rapa whelk was observed in the study. The live weight of the whelks was the highest in October (P<0.001). Consequently, the content of meat and the other body parts (gut and operculum content) were highest in the early autumn as well. The increased content of meat was accompanied by lower WHC (P<0.001). The chemical composition of the rapa whelks differed significantly between the months of fishing. Both moisture and lipid had highest content in July, while proteins and ash increased in October. Similarly, lipid profile was significantly affected by the season. Most favourable fatty acid composition and related nutritional indices of lipid healthy value were found in October.

The study was conducted to evaluate the seasonal variations in the quality and lipid profile of rapa whelk meat (Rapana venosa) harvested in the Bulgarian coast of Black Sea. The trial period lasted from June to October and the sampling was carried out in the area of Varna Bay. Technological quality of the whelks was determined by measuring the water holding capacity (WHC), as well as cooking losses. Further determination of the chemical composition, fatty acid analysis and total aerobic plate count were done. Strong seasonal influence on the meat quality characteristics in rapa whelk was observed in the study. The live weight of the whelks was the highest in October (P<0.001). Consequently, the content of meat and the other body parts (gut and operculum content) were highest in the early autumn as well. The increased content of meat was accompanied by lower WHC (P<0.001). The chemical composition of the rapa whelks differed significantly between the months of fishing. Both moisture and lipid had highest content in July, while proteins and ash increased in October. Similarly, lipid profile was significantly affected by the season. Most favourable fatty acid composition and related nutritional indices of lipid healthy value were found in October.

  • Agricultural Report, 2016. Ministry of Food and Agriculture Republic of Bulgaria. (http://www.mzh.government.bg) (Cited 23.01.2017).
  • Altug, G., Guler, N. 2002. Determination of the Levels of Indicator Bacteria, Salmonella spp. and Heavy Metals in Sea Snails (Rapana venosa) from the Northern Marmara Sea, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 2: 141-144.
  • AOAC. 2004. Official methods of analysis, 18th Ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, VA, USA.
  • Belicelik, N. 1975. The distribution of rapana Thomasiana thomasiana stick on the true littoral of the Black sea extending from Ingen Ada to Calti Bumu. Rapport Commission International pour l'exploration scientifique de la Mer Mediterranee, 23: 169-171.
  • Bi, J., Li, Q., Yu, H., Zhang, Z., Lian, Y., Wang, R., Wang, T. 2016. Seasonal variations in biochemical composition and reproductive cycle of the veined rapa whelk Rapana venosa (Valenciennes, 1864) from the northern coast of China. Marine Biology Research, 12: 177-185.
  • Bligh, E.G., Dyer, W.J. 1959. A rapid method of total lipid extraction and purification. Canadian Journal of Biochemistry and Physiology, 37: 911-917.
  • Bowker, B., Zhuang, H. 2015. Relationship between water-holding capacity and protein denaturation in broiler breast meat. Poultry Science, 94: 1657-1664.
  • Celik, M. Y., Çulha, S. T., Çulha, M., Yidiz, H., Acarl, S., Celik, I., Celik, P. 2014. Comparative study on biochemical composition of some edible marine molluscs at Canakkale coasts, Turkey. Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences, 43: 601-606.
  • Christie, W. W. 1973. Lipid analysis, Pergamon Press, Oxford.
  • De Witte, B., Devriese, L., Bekaert, K., Hoffman, S., Vandermeersch, G., Cooreman, K., Robbens, J. 2014. Quality assessment of the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis): Comparison between commercial and wild types. Marine Poll. Bull. 85: 1463155.
  • Freites, L., Fernandez-Reiriz, M.J., Labarta, U. 2002. Fatty acid profiles of Mytilus galloprovincialis (Lmk) mussel of subtidal and rocky shore origin. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 132: 453-461.
  • Grau, R., Hamm, R. 1952. Eine einfache Methode zur Bestimmung der Wasserbindung im Fleisch. Die Fleischwirtschaft, 4: 295-297.
  • JMP Version 7, SAS Institute Inc. Cary, NC.
  • Liu, W., Li, Q., Kong, L. 2013. Reproductive cycle and seasonal variations in lipid content and fatty acid composition in gonad of the cockle Fulvia mutica in relation to temperature and food. Journal of Ocean University of China, 12: 427-433.
  • Merdzhanova, A., Dobreva, D.A., Stancheva, M., Makedonski, L. 2014. Fat soluble vitamins and fatty acid composition of wild Black sea mussel, rapana and shrimp, Ovidius University Annals of Chemistry, 25: 15-23.
  • Mohammad, S.H., Yusuf, M.S. 2016. Proximate evaluation of some economical seafood as a human diet and as an alternative prospective valuable of fish meal. Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 11: 12-27
  • Periyasamy, N., Srinivasan, M., Devanathan, K., Balakrishnan, S. 2011. Nutritional value of gastropod Babylonia spirata (Linnaeus, 1758) from Thazhanguda, Southeast coast of India. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 12:249-252.
  • Richerson, M., Benson, A. 2015. Rapana venosa. USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL. (https://nas.er.usgs.gov) Revision Date: 2/25/2015. Cited 23.01.2017.
  • Romero, M.C., Romero, A.M., Doval, M.M., Judis, M.A. 2013. Nutritional value and fatty acid composition of some traditional Argentinean meat sausages. Food Science and Technology, Campinas, 33: 161-166.
  • Saglam, H., Duzgunes, E. 2016. Ecological and socio-economic effects of invasive species Rapana venosa in the Black sea ecosystem. In: Çınar, Ö. (ed) Proceedings of the International conference on environmental science and technology, Belgrade, 2016.
  • Sahin, C., Emiral, H., Okumus, I., Mutlu Gozler, A., Kalayci, F., Hacimurtezaoglu, N. 2009. The benthic exotic species of the Black sea: Blood Cockle (Anadara inaequivalvis, Bruguiere, 1798: Bivalve) and Rapa Whelk (Rapana thomasiana, Crosse, 1861: Mollusc). Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 8: 240-245.
  • Santos-Silva, J., Bessa, R.J.B., Santos-Silva, F. 2002. Effect of genotype, feeding system and slaughter weight on the quality of light lambs-II. Fatty acid composition of meat. Livestock Production Science, 77: 187-192.
  • Skipnes, D., Østby, M.L., Hendrickx, M.E. 2007. A method for characterising cook loss and water holding capacity in heat treated cod (Gadus morhua) muscle. Journal of Food Engineering, 80: 1078-1085.
  • Surh, J., Ryu, J-S., Kwon, H. 2003. Seasonal vriations of fatty acid compositon in various Korean shellfish. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 51: 1617-1622.
  • Ulbricht, T.L., Southgate, D.A.T. 1991. Coronary heart disease: seven dietary factors. Lancet, 338: 985-992
  • Zhao, H-F., Feng, L., Jiang, W-D., Liu, Y., Jiang, J., Wu, P., Zhao, J., Kuang, S-Y., Tang, L., Tang, W-N., Zhang, Y-A., Zhou, X-Q. 2015. Flesh shear force, cooking loss, muscle antioxidant status and relative expression of signaling molecules (Nrf2, Keap1, TOR, and CK2) and their target genes in young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) muscle fed with graded levels of choline. PLoS ONE 10(11): e0142915. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0142915.
  • Zarai, Z., Frikha, F., Balti, R., Miled, N., Gargouri, Y., Mejdoub, H. 2011. Nutrient composition of the marine snail (Hexaplex trunculus) from the Tunisian Mediterranean coasts. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 91: 1265-12.
Konular
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Teodora POPOVA
E-posta: tlpopova@yahoo.com

Yazar: Deyan STRATEV
E-posta: tlpopova@yahoo.com

Yazar: Ivan VASHIN
E-posta: tlpopova@yahoo.com

Yazar: Georgi ZHELYAZKOV
E-posta: tlpopova@yahoo.com

Yazar: Elitsa VALKOVA
E-posta: tlpopova@yahoo.com

Yazar: Lilko DOSPATLIEV
E-posta: tlpopova@yahoo.com

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { turkjans330685, journal = {Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi-Turkish Journal of Agricultural and Natural Sciences}, issn = {2148-3647}, address = {Mevlüt AKÇURA}, year = {}, volume = {4}, pages = {277 - 283}, doi = {}, title = {Seasonal Changes in the Quality and Fatty Acid Composition of Meat in Rapa Whelk (Rapana venosa) from the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast}, language = {en}, key = {cite}, author = {POPOVA, Teodora and DOSPATLIEV, Lilko and VASHIN, Ivan and ZHELYAZKOV, Georgi and VALKOVA, Elitsa and STRATEV, Deyan} } @araştırma makalesi { turkjans330685, journal = {Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi-Turkish Journal of Agricultural and Natural Sciences}, issn = {2148-3647}, address = {Mevlüt AKÇURA}, year = {}, volume = {4}, pages = {277 - 283}, doi = {}, title = {Seasonal Changes in the Quality and Fatty Acid Composition of Meat in Rapa Whelk (Rapana venosa) from the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast}, language = {tr}, key = {cite}, author = {POPOVA, Teodora and DOSPATLIEV, Lilko and VASHIN, Ivan and ZHELYAZKOV, Georgi and VALKOVA, Elitsa and STRATEV, Deyan} }
APA POPOVA, T , STRATEV, D , VASHIN, I , ZHELYAZKOV, G , VALKOVA, E , DOSPATLIEV, L . (). Seasonal Changes in the Quality and Fatty Acid Composition of Meat in Rapa Whelk (Rapana venosa) from the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi-Turkish Journal of Agricultural and Natural Sciences, 4 (3), 277-283. Retrieved from http://www.dergipark.gov.tr/turkjans/issue/30559/330685
MLA POPOVA, T , STRATEV, D , VASHIN, I , ZHELYAZKOV, G , VALKOVA, E , DOSPATLIEV, L . "Seasonal Changes in the Quality and Fatty Acid Composition of Meat in Rapa Whelk (Rapana venosa) from the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast". Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi-Turkish Journal of Agricultural and Natural Sciences 4 (): 277-283 <http://www.dergipark.gov.tr/turkjans/issue/30559/330685>
Chicago POPOVA, T , STRATEV, D , VASHIN, I , ZHELYAZKOV, G , VALKOVA, E , DOSPATLIEV, L . "Seasonal Changes in the Quality and Fatty Acid Composition of Meat in Rapa Whelk (Rapana venosa) from the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast". Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi-Turkish Journal of Agricultural and Natural Sciences 4 (): 277-283
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Seasonal Changes in the Quality and Fatty Acid Composition of Meat in Rapa Whelk (Rapana venosa) from the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast AU - Teodora POPOVA , Deyan STRATEV , Ivan VASHIN , Georgi ZHELYAZKOV , Elitsa VALKOVA , Lilko DOSPATLIEV Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - DO - T2 - Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi-Turkish Journal of Agricultural and Natural Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 277 EP - 283 VL - 4 IS - 3 SN - 2148-3647- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi-Turkish Journal of Agricultural and Natural Sciences Seasonal Changes in the Quality and Fatty Acid Composition of Meat in Rapa Whelk (Rapana venosa) from the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast %A Teodora POPOVA , Deyan STRATEV , Ivan VASHIN , Georgi ZHELYAZKOV , Elitsa VALKOVA , Lilko DOSPATLIEV %T Seasonal Changes in the Quality and Fatty Acid Composition of Meat in Rapa Whelk (Rapana venosa) from the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast %D 2017 %J Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi-Turkish Journal of Agricultural and Natural Sciences %P 2148-3647- %V 4 %N 3 %R %U