Cilt , Sayı 19, Sayfalar 1 - 24 2017-07-01

THE ECONOMETRICAL ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN URBANISATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH (THE CASE OF EU COUNTRIES AND TURKEY)
THE ECONOMETRICAL ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN URBANISATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH (THE CASE OF EU COUNTRIES AND TURKEY)

Cenap SANCAR [1] , Canan SANCAR [2]

262 196

The aim of this study is to determine whether there is a relationship between urbanisation and economic growth in terms of 13 European Union Member countries and of Turkey as well as to determine the direction of this relationship, if it exists. In the study, GDP per capita was used as a dependant variable where population density and employment rates of industry and services sectors, which represent the urbanisation, as well as the employment rate of agriculture sector and general employment rate, which were included in our model, were used as independent variables. The annual series of the variables of the model that was created within the scope of the study for the period between 1990-2014 were analysed by panel co-integration method. According to panel causality test, there is a bilateral causality relationship between GDP and employment rates of services, industry, and agriculture sectors. Additionally, there was a unilateral causality relationship from GDP towards urban population density and towards general employment rate. Also, according to the DOLS and FMOLS results, the increases in urban population density and in the employment rate of services sector have a positive effect on GDP per capita. Findings from the study show that urbanisation and economic growth are mutually dependent processes in 13 EU member countries and in Turkey.

Bu çalışmanın amacı, Avrupa Birliği’nin 13 Ülkesi ve Türkiye açısından kentleşme ve ekonomik büyüme arasında bir ilişki olup olmadığını, ilişki var ise bu ilişkinin yönünü belirlemektir. Çalışmada, kişi başına GSYH bağımlı değişken, kentleşmeyi temsilen kentsel nüfus yoğunluğu, sanayi, hizmetler sektörü istihdam oranları ve ayrıca modele dahil edilen tarım sektörü istihdam oranı ve genel istihdam oranı bağımsız değişken olarak ele alınmıştır. Çalışma kapsamında oluşturulan modelin değişkenlerine ait 1990-2014 yıllık serileri panel eşbütünleşme yöntemi ile analiz edilmiştir. Panel nedensellik testi sonuçlarına göre, hizmetler sektörü istihdam oranı ve sanayi sektörü istihdam oranı ve tarım sektörü istihdam oranı ile kişi başına GSYH arasında çift yönlü nedensellik ilişkisi vardır. Bununla birlikte kişi başına GSYH’den kentsel nüfus yoğunluğu ve genel istihdam oranına doğru tek yönlü nedensellik ilişkisi vardır. Ayrıca, DOLS ve FMOLS sonuçlarına göre kentsel nüfus yoğunluğu ve hizmet sektörü istihdam oranındaki artışlar kişi başına GSYH’yi pozitif yönde etkilemektedir. Çalışmadan elde edilen bulgular kentleşme ve ekonomik büyümenin 13 AB ülkesi ve Türkiye’de birbirlerini besleyen süreçler olduğunu göstermektedir.

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Konular Sosyal ve Beşeri Bilimler
Yayımlanma Tarihi 2017 Yaz
Dergi Bölümü İÇİNDEKİLER
Yazarlar

Yazar: Cenap SANCAR
E-posta: canansancar@gumushane.edu.tr
Kurum: KARADENIZ TEKNIK UNIV
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Canan SANCAR
E-posta: canansancar@gumushane.edu.tr
Kurum: GUMUSHANE UNIV
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ulikidince287053, journal = {Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi}, issn = {1307-9832}, address = {Kenan ÇELİK}, year = {2017}, volume = {}, pages = {1 - 24}, doi = {10.18092/ulikidince.287053}, title = {THE ECONOMETRICAL ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN URBANISATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH (THE CASE OF EU COUNTRIES AND TURKEY)}, language = {en}, key = {cite}, author = {SANCAR, Cenap and SANCAR, Canan} } @araştırma makalesi { ulikidince287053, journal = {Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi}, issn = {1307-9832}, address = {Kenan ÇELİK}, year = {2017}, volume = {}, pages = {1 - 24}, doi = {10.18092/ulikidince.287053}, title = {THE ECONOMETRICAL ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN URBANISATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH (THE CASE OF EU COUNTRIES AND TURKEY)}, language = {tr}, key = {cite}, author = {SANCAR, Cenap and SANCAR, Canan} }
APA SANCAR, C , SANCAR, C . (2017). THE ECONOMETRICAL ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN URBANISATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH (THE CASE OF EU COUNTRIES AND TURKEY). Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi, (19), 1-24. DOI: 10.18092/ulikidince.287053
MLA SANCAR, C , SANCAR, C . "THE ECONOMETRICAL ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN URBANISATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH (THE CASE OF EU COUNTRIES AND TURKEY)". Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi (2017): 1-24 <http://www.dergipark.gov.tr/ulikidince/issue/29069/287053>
Chicago SANCAR, C , SANCAR, C . "THE ECONOMETRICAL ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN URBANISATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH (THE CASE OF EU COUNTRIES AND TURKEY)". Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi (2017): 1-24
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - THE ECONOMETRICAL ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN URBANISATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH (THE CASE OF EU COUNTRIES AND TURKEY) AU - Cenap SANCAR , Canan SANCAR Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.18092/ulikidince.287053 DO - 10.18092/ulikidince.287053 T2 - Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 24 VL - IS - 19 SN - 1307-9832-1307-9859 M3 - doi: 10.18092/ulikidince.287053 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.18092/ulikidince.287053 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi THE ECONOMETRICAL ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN URBANISATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH (THE CASE OF EU COUNTRIES AND TURKEY) %A Cenap SANCAR , Canan SANCAR %T THE ECONOMETRICAL ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN URBANISATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH (THE CASE OF EU COUNTRIES AND TURKEY) %D 2017 %J Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi %P 1307-9832-1307-9859 %V %N 19 %R doi: 10.18092/ulikidince.287053 %U 10.18092/ulikidince.287053